sbph-10q_20170331.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number: 001-37718

 

Spring Bank Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

52-2386345

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

86 South Street

Hopkinton, MA

01748

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (508) 473-5993

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of April 27, 2017, the registrant had 9,416,472 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding, of which 8,085,833 shares were held by non-affiliates of the Registrant.

 

 

 


 

Spring Bank Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 

INDEX

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

5

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

20

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

32

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

32

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

33

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

33

Item 6.

Exhibits

33

Signatures

34

Exhibit Index

35

 

 

 

i


 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “design,” “expect,” “seek,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “could,” “intend,” “target,” “project,” “contemplate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions.

These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:

 

our ongoing and planned preclinical studies and clinical trials;

 

preclinical study data and clinical trial data and the timing of results of our ongoing clinical studies and/or trials;

 

the timing of and our ability to obtain and maintain regulatory approvals for our product candidates;

 

our plans to seek and enter into clinical trial collaborations and other broader collaborations;

 

our commercialization, marketing and manufacturing capabilities and strategy; and

 

our estimates regarding prospects, strategies, expenses, operating capital requirements, results of operations and needs for additional financing.

We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements we make. Factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make include, but are not limited to, the following:

We will need additional funding to complete the development of our product candidates and before we can expect to become profitable from the sales of our products, if approved. If we are unable to raise capital when needed, we could be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate our product development programs or commercialization efforts.

 

Our business currently depends substantially on the success of clinical trials for SB 9200, which is still under development. If we are unable to obtain regulatory approval for, or successfully commercialize, SB 9200, our business will be materially harmed.

 

We are very early in our development efforts and our product candidates may not be successful in later stage clinical trials. As a result, they may never be approved as marketable therapeutics.

 

We rely, and expect to continue to rely, on third parties to conduct our clinical trials and to manufacture our product candidates for preclinical and clinical testing. These third parties may not perform satisfactorily, which could delay our product development activities.

 

If we are unable to adequately protect our proprietary technology, or obtain and maintain issued patents which are sufficient to protect our product candidates, others could compete against us more directly, which would have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.

 

We may not be able to retain key executives or to attract, retain and motivate key personnel.  If we are unable to retain such key personnel, it could have a material adverse impact on our business and prospects.

You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents that we have filed as exhibits to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. You should also read carefully the factors described in the section “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 to better understand the risks and uncertainties inherent in our business and underlying any forward-looking statements. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, press releases, and our website. Any forward-looking statements that we make in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speak only as of the date of such statements, and we undertake no obligation to update such statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

2


 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements.

SPRING BANK PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

ASSETS

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

14,038

 

 

$

10,684

 

     Marketable securities

 

 

7,062

 

 

 

14,046

 

     Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

481

 

 

 

840

 

Total current assets

 

 

21,581

 

 

 

25,570

 

     Marketable securities, long-term

 

 

 

 

 

752

 

     Property and equipment, net

 

 

586

 

 

 

522

 

     Other assets

 

 

35

 

 

 

35

 

Total

 

$

22,202

 

 

$

26,879

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Accounts payable

 

$

1,921

 

 

$

1,519

 

     Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

894

 

 

 

1,982

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

2,815

 

 

 

3,501

 

     Warrant liabilities

 

 

8,360

 

 

 

6,333

 

     Other long-term liabilities

 

 

34

 

 

 

27

 

Total liabilities

 

 

11,209

 

 

 

9,861

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value—authorized, 10,000,000 shares at March 31, 2017

     and December 31, 2016; no shares issued or outstanding at March 31, 2017 and

     December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.0001 par value—authorized, 200,000,000 shares at March 31, 2017

     and December 31, 2016; 9,416,472 and 9,416,238 shares issued and outstanding at

     March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

     Additional paid-in capital

 

 

69,031

 

 

 

68,559

 

     Accumulated deficit

 

 

(58,035

)

 

 

(51,535

)

     Other comprehensive loss

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(7

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

10,993

 

 

 

17,018

 

Total

 

$

22,202

 

 

$

26,879

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


 

SPRING BANK PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(Unaudited)

(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Grant revenue

 

$

 

 

$

280

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

2,527

 

 

 

5,589

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,987

 

 

 

1,226

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

4,514

 

 

 

6,815

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(4,514

)

 

 

(6,535

)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

41

 

 

 

17

 

Change in fair value of warrant liabilities

 

 

(2,027

)

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(6,500

)

 

 

(6,518

)

Unrealized loss (gain) on marketable securities

 

 

3

 

 

 

(1

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(6,497

)

 

$

(6,519

)

Net loss per common share – basic and diluted

 

$

(0.69

)

 

$

(1.11

)

Weighted-average number of shares outstanding – basic and diluted

 

 

9,416,259

 

 

 

5,877,135

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


 

SPRING BANK PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(6,500

)

 

$

(6,518

)

Adjustments for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

36

 

 

 

26

 

Change in fair value of warrant liabilities

 

 

2,027

 

 

 

 

Non-cash investment income (expense), net

 

 

25

 

 

 

15

 

Non-cash stock-based compensation

 

 

500

 

 

 

302

 

Non-cash issuance of common stock and warrants connected to license agreement

 

 

 

 

 

2,780

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

359

 

 

 

(802

)

Other assets

 

 

 

 

 

(35

)

Accounts payable

 

 

519

 

 

 

(840

)

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

(1,081

)

 

 

460

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(4,115

)

 

 

(4,612

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from sale of marketable securities

 

 

7,714

 

 

 

2,265

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(100

)

 

 

(97

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

7,614

 

 

 

2,168

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

Issuance costs paid in connection with the private investment in a public entity

 

 

(147

)

 

 

 

Cash used in financing activities

 

 

(145

)

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

3,354

 

 

 

(2,444

)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

 

10,684

 

 

 

4,347

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

14,038

 

 

$

1,903

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for taxes

 

$

 

 

$

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

5


 

Spring Bank Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

1. NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Nature of Business

Spring Bank Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”) is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company engaged in the discovery and development of a novel class of therapeutics using a proprietary small molecule nucleic acid hybrid (“SMNH”) chemistry platform. The Company is developing its most advanced SMNH product, SB 9200, for the treatment of viral diseases. Since inception in 2002 and prior to its initial public offering (“IPO”) in May 2016, the Company built its technology platform and product candidate pipeline using a semi-virtual business model, supported by grants and direct funding from the United States National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) as well as through private financings. In September 2015, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary, Sperovie Biosciences, Inc. and in December 2016, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary, SBP Securities Corporation.

On November 18, 2016, the Company entered into a definitive agreement with a group of accredited investors resulting in a private placement of 1,644,737 shares of the Company’s common stock and warrants to purchase 1,644,737 shares of common stock (the “November Private Placement”). These investors paid $9.12 for each share of common stock and warrant to purchase one share of common stock. The warrants will be exercisable beginning May 24, 2017 with a term of five years at an exercise price of $10.79. The Company completed the November Private Placement on November 23, 2016, resulting in approximately $15.0 million in gross proceeds.

On May 11, 2016 the Company completed its IPO of 920,000 shares of common stock at a price to the public of $12.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $10.2 million, after underwriting discounts and commissions, but before deducting offering-related expenses. In addition, on June 3, 2016, the Company issued and sold an additional 24,900 shares of common stock at the IPO price of $12.00 per share pursuant to the underwriter’s partial exercise of their option to purchase additional shares of common stock, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $275,000, after underwriting discounts and commissions, but before deducting offering-related expenses. In connection with the initial closing of the IPO, the Company received approximately $5.3 million in proceeds upon the exercise of previously issued warrants to purchase 641,743 shares of common stock of the Company.

The Company’s success is dependent upon its ability to successfully complete clinical development and obtain regulatory approval of its product candidates, successfully commercialize approved products, generate revenue, and, ultimately, attain profitable operations. The Company’s operations to date have been limited to financing and staffing the Company and the development of SB 9200, SB 11285 and the Company’s other product candidates.

Basis of Presentation and Liquidity

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States (“U.S.”) generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”).

In connection with the Company’s IPO, the Company effected a 1-for-4 reverse stock split of its common stock on March 8, 2016. All share and per share amounts and the number of shares of common stock set forth in the financial statements and notes thereto have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented to give effect to the reverse stock split, including reclassifying an amount equal to the reduction in par value of common stock to additional paid-in capital.

The accompanying interim financial statements as of March 31, 2017 and for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, and related interim information contained within the notes to the financial statements, are unaudited. In management’s opinion, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited financial statements and include all adjustments (including normal recurring adjustments) necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2017, results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, and its cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and accompanying notes contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 14, 2017. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full fiscal year or any interim period.

As of March 31, 2017, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $58.0 million and $21.1 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities.

6


 

The Company expects to continue to incur significant and increasing losses for the foreseeable future. The Company anticipates that its expenses will increase significantly as it continues to develop SB 9200, SB 11285 and its other product candidates.  The Company does not have any committed external source of funds. As a result, the Company will need additional financing to support its continuing operations.  Adequate additional funds may not be available to the Company on acceptable terms, or at all. To the extent that the Company raises additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, stockholders ownership interest will be diluted, and the terms of these securities may include liquidation or other preferences that adversely affect stockholder rights as a common stockholder. If the Company raises additional funds through collaborations, strategic alliances or licensing arrangements with third parties, the Company may have to relinquish valuable rights to our technologies, future revenue streams, research programs, or product candidates or grant licenses on terms that may not be favorable to the Company.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Sperovie Biosciences, Inc. and SBP Securities Corporation. Sperovie Biosciences, Inc. had operations consisting mainly of legal fees associated with intellectual property activities as of March 31, 2017. SBP Securities Corporation had assets primarily related to investments in marketable securities and operations consisting of primarily interest income as of March 31, 2017. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases estimates and assumptions on historical experience when available and on various factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Significant estimates relied upon in preparing the accompanying financial statements related to the fair value of common stock and other equity instruments, accounting for stock-based compensation, income taxes, useful lives of long-lived assets, and accounting for certain accruals. The Company evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. The Company’s actual results may differ from these estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash equivalents are stated at fair value and include short-term, highly liquid investments with remaining maturities of 90 days or less at the date of purchase.

Included in cash and cash equivalents as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 are money market fund investments of $12,831,000 and $9,507,000 as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, which are reported at fair value (Note 5).

Concentration of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Substantially all of the Company’s cash is held at financial institutions that management believes to be of high-credit quality. Deposits with these financial institutions may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits; however, these deposits may be redeemed upon demand and, therefore, bear minimal risk.

The Company had one source of revenue, grants from the NIH, during the quarter ended March 31, 2016, representing 100% of total revenue for such period. The Company did not have any sources of revenue for the quarter ended March 31, 2017.

Investments in Marketable Securities

The Company invests excess cash balances in short-term and long-term marketable securities. The Company classifies investments in marketable securities as either held-to-maturity or available-for-sale based on facts and circumstances present at the time of purchase. At each balance sheet date presented, all investments in securities are classified as available-for-sale. The Company reports available-for-sale investments at fair value at each balance sheet date and includes any unrealized holding gains and losses (the adjustment to fair value) in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), a component of stockholders’ equity. Realized gains and losses are determined using the specific identification method and are included in other income (expense). If any adjustment to fair value reflects a decline in the value of the investment, the Company considers all available evidence to evaluate the extent to which the decline is “other than temporary,” including the intention to sell and, if so, marks the investment to market through a charge to the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

7


 

Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Costs associated with maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation and amortization are provided using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives:

 

Asset Category

 

Useful Life

Equipment

 

5-7 years

Furniture and fixtures

 

5 years

Leasehold improvements

 

Lesser of 10 years or the remaining

term of the respective lease

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Long-lived assets to be held and used are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. When such events occur, the Company compares the carrying amounts of the assets to their undiscounted expected future cash flows. If the undiscounted cash flows are insufficient to recover the carrying value, an impairment loss is recorded for the difference between the carrying value and fair value of the asset. Through March 31, 2017, no such impairment has occurred.

Deferred Rent

The Company’s operating leases include rent escalation payment terms and other incentives received from landlords. Deferred rent represents the difference between actual operating lease payments due and straight-line rent expense over the term of the lease, which is recorded in accrued expenses and other current liabilities. The Company had deferred aggregate rent for its research and development facility in Milford, Massachusetts and its headquarters in Hopkinton, Massachusetts of $37,000 and $35,000 as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when all of the following criteria are met: there is persuasive evidence of an arrangement, the fee is fixed or determinable, delivery has occurred or services we recognized have been rendered and collection of the related receivable is reasonably assured. Generally, these criteria were met and revenue from grants from the NIH, which subsidized certain of our research projects, as efforts were expended and as eligible project costs were incurred.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs incurred for the Company’s research activities, including discovery efforts, and the development of product candidates, which include:

 

expenses incurred under agreements with third parties, including contract research organizations, or CROs, that conduct research, preclinical activities and clinical trials on the Company’s behalf as well as contract manufacturing organizations, or CMOs, that manufacture drug products for use in the Company’s preclinical and clinical trials;

 

salaries, benefits and other related costs, including stock-based compensation expense, for personnel in the Company’s research and development functions;

 

costs of outside consultants, including their fees, stock-based compensation and related travel expenses;

 

the cost of laboratory supplies and acquiring, developing and manufacturing preclinical study and clinical trial materials;

 

costs related to compliance with regulatory requirements; and

 

facility-related expenses, which include direct depreciation costs and allocated expenses for rent and maintenance of facilities and other operating costs.

The Company expenses research and development costs as incurred. The Company recognizes external development costs based on an evaluation of the progress to completion of specific tasks using information provided to the Company by its vendors and its clinical investigative sites. Payments for these activities are based on the terms of the individual agreements, which may differ from the pattern of costs incurred, and are reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as prepaid or accrued research and development expenses.

8


 

Warrants

The Company reviews the terms of all warrants issued and classifies the warrants as a component of permanent equity if they are freestanding financial instruments that are legally detachable and separately exercisable, contingently exercisable, do not embody an obligation for the Company to repurchase its own shares, and permit the holders to receive a fixed number of shares of common stock upon exercise. In addition, the warrants must require physical settlement and may not provide any guarantee of value or return. Warrants that meet these criteria are initially recorded at their grant date fair value and are not subsequently remeasured. Warrants that do not meet this criteria are remeasured to their fair value at each reporting period.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for all stock-based payment awards granted to employees and nonemployees using a fair value method. The Company’s stock-based payments include stock options and grants of common stock, including common stock subject to vesting. The measurement date for employee awards is the date of grant, and stock-based compensation costs are recognized as expense over the employees’ requisite service period, which is the vesting period, on a straight-line basis. The measurement date for nonemployee awards is the date the services are completed, resulting in periodic adjustments to stock-based compensation during the vesting period for changes in the fair value of the awards. Stock-based compensation costs for nonemployees are recognized as expense over the vesting period on a straight-line basis. Stock-based compensation is classified in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the department to which the related services are provided.

Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash equivalents, marketable securities, accounts payable and liability classified warrants. The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents and accounts payable approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of those financial instruments. The fair value of the marketable securities and liability classified warrants are remeasured each reporting period as described in Note 5.

Fair Value Measurements

The Company is required to disclose information on all assets and liabilities reported at fair value that enables an assessment of the inputs used in determining the reported fair values. Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”), establishes a hierarchy of inputs used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, and are developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The fair value hierarchy applies only to the valuation inputs used in determining the reported fair value of the investments and is not a measure of the investment credit quality. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

Level 1—Valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.

Level 2—Valuations based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.

Level 3—Valuations that require inputs that reflect the Company’s own assumptions that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.

To the extent that valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair value requires more judgment. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by the Company in determining fair value is greatest for instruments categorized in Level 3. A financial instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis include cash equivalents and marketable securities.

Net Loss Per Share

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and dilutive common stock equivalents outstanding for the period, determined using the treasury-stock method and the as if-

9


 

converted method, for convertible securities, if inclusion of these instruments is dilutive. As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, both methods are equivalent. Common stock, preferred stock and warrant issuances are described further in Note 7.

Income Taxes

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of existing assets and liabilities and for loss and credit carryforwards using enacted tax rates expected to be in effect in the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

The Company assesses its income tax positions and records tax benefits based upon management’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances and information available at the reporting date. For those tax positions where it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, the Company records the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority having full knowledge of all relevant information. For those income tax positions where it is not more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit is recognized in the consolidated financial statements. The Company classifies interest and penalties associated with such uncertain tax positions as a component of interest expense. As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company has not identified any material uncertain tax positions.

Guarantees and Indemnifications

As permitted under Delaware law, the Company indemnifies its officers and directors for certain events or occurrences while the officer or director is, or was, serving at the Company’s request in such capacity.

The Company leases office and laboratory space in Hopkinton, Massachusetts and Milford, Massachusetts, under non-cancelable operating leases. The Company has standard indemnification arrangements under these leases that require it to indemnify the landlords against any liability for injury, loss, accident, or damage from any claims, actions, proceedings, or costs resulting from certain acts, breaches, violations, or nonperformance under the Company’s lease.

Through March 31, 2017, the Company had not experienced any losses related to these indemnification obligations and no material claims were outstanding. The Company does not expect significant claims related to these indemnification obligations, and consequently, concluded that the fair value of these obligations is negligible, and no related reserves were established.

Segment Information

Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate and discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, in making decisions regarding resource allocation and assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one operating segment and does not track expenses on a program-by-program basis.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”) to require changes to several areas of employee share-based payment accounting in an effort to simplify share-based reporting. The update revises requirements in the following areas: minimum statutory withholding, accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and intrinsic value accounting for private entities. ASU 2016-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within each annual reporting period. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2017. The update revises requirements in the following areas:  minimum statutory withholding, accounting for income taxes, and forfeitures. Prior to adoption, the Company applied a 0% forfeiture rate to share-based compensation, resulting in no cumulative effect adjustment to the opening period. Upon adoption of ASU 2016-09, the Company’s accounting policy is to recognize forfeitures as they occur.

The update requires the Company to recognize the income tax effect of awards in the income statement when the awards vest or are settles. It also allows the Company to repurchase more of an employee’s shares than it can today for tax withholding purposes without triggering a liability. The income tax related items had no effect on the current period presentation and the Company maintains a full valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets.

 

10


 

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASC 606”), which amends the guidance for revenue recognition to replace numerous industry-specific requirements. ASC 606 implements a five-step process for customer contract revenue recognition that focuses on transfer of control, as opposed to transfer of risk and rewards. ASC 606 also requires enhanced disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenues and cash flows from contracts with customers. Other major provisions include ensuring the time value of money is considered in the transaction price, and allowing estimates of variable consideration to be recognized before contingencies are resolved in certain circumstances. The amendments in ASC 606 are effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and early adoption is not permitted. In July 2015, the FASB approved the deferral of adoption by one year. Entities can transition to the standard either retrospectively or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. Until the Company expects material revenue to be recognized, the adoption of ASU 2014-09 is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which amends ASC Subtopic 825-10, Financial Instruments - Overall, and includes updates on certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments and applies to all entities that hold financial assets or owe financial liabilities. The new standard is effective for the Company for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the standards may have on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes the current leasing guidance and upon adoption, will require lessees to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. The new standard is effective for the Company for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2018, and can be early adopted by applying a modified retrospective approach for leases existing at, and entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparable period presented in the financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the standards may have on its consolidated financial statements.

In September 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which amends ASC Topic 230, Statement of Cash Flows, and includes provisions intended to reduce diversity in practice and provides guidance on eight specific statements of cash flows classification issues. The new standard is effective for the Company for the annual period ending after December 15, 2017, and for annual and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the standards may have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 

2. NET LOSS PER SHARE

The following table summarizes the computation of basic and diluted net loss per share of the Company (in thousands, except share and per share data):

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Net loss

$

(6,500

)

 

$

(6,518

)

Weighted-average number of common shares-basic and diluted

 

9,416,259

 

 

 

5,877,135

 

Net loss per common share-basic and diluted

$

(0.69

)

 

$

(1.11

)

 

Diluted net loss per common share is the same as basic net loss per common share for all periods presented.

The following potentially dilutive securities outstanding, prior to the use of the treasury stock method or if-converted method, have been excluded from the computation of diluted weighted-average shares outstanding, because such securities had an antidilutive impact due to the losses reported:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

Common stock warrants

 

 

1,798,084

 

 

 

1,306,776

 

Stock options

 

 

966,300

 

 

 

608,137

 

Upon the closing of the Company’s IPO in May 2016, all of the Company’s 1,000,000 outstanding shares of preferred stock automatically converted into 250,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

 

 

11


 

3. INVESTMENTS

 

Cash in excess of the Company’s immediate requirements is invested in accordance with the Company’s investment policy that primarily seeks to maintain adequate liquidity and preserve capital.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s investments, by category, as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

Investments - Current:

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Debt securities - available for sale

 

$

7,062

 

 

$

14,046

 

Total

 

$

7,062

 

 

$

14,046

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments - Noncurrent:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt securities - available for sale

 

$

 

 

$

752

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

752

 

 

A summary of the Company’s available-for-sale classified investments consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

At March 31, 2017

 

 

 

Cost

Basis

 

 

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair

Value

 

Investments - Current:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate bonds

 

$

6,564

 

 

$

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

6,560

 

United States treasury securities

 

 

502

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

502

 

Total

 

$

7,066

 

 

$

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

7,062

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At December 31, 2016

 

 

 

Cost

Basis

 

 

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair

Value

 

Investments - Current:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency bonds

 

$

452

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

452

 

Commercial paper

 

 

2,947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,947

 

Corporate bonds

 

 

8,499

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7

)

 

 

8,492

 

United States treasury securities

 

 

2,155

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,155

 

Total

 

$

14,053

 

 

$

 

 

$

(7

)

 

$

14,046

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments - Noncurrent:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate bonds

 

 

752

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

752

 

Total

 

$

752

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

752

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The amortized cost and fair value of the Company’s available-for-sale investment, by contract maturity, as of March 31, 2017 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Fair Value

 

Due in one year or less

 

$

7,066

 

 

$

7,062

 

Due after one year through two years

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

7,066

 

 

$

7,062

 

12


 

 

4. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

Property and equipment as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Equipment

 

$

664

 

 

$

576

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

140

 

 

 

140

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

145

 

 

 

133

 

Total property and equipment

 

 

949

 

 

 

849

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(363

)

 

 

(327

)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

586

 

 

$

522

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $36,000 and $26,000, respectively.

 

 

5. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value are performed in a manner to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

The Company classified its money market funds within Level 1 because their fair values are based on their quoted market prices. The Company classified its commercial paper and fixed income securities within Level 2 because their fair values are determined using alternative pricing sources or models that utilized market observable inputs.

13


 

A summary of the assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurement at

March 31, 2017

 

 

 

Carrying

Value

 

 

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

 

 

Significant

other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds (1)

 

$

12,831

 

 

$

12,831

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Fixed income securities

 

 

7,062

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,062

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

19,893

 

 

$

12,831

 

 

$

7,062

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrant liabilities

 

$

8,360

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

8,360

 

Total

 

$

8,360

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

8,360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurement at

December 31, 2016

 

Assets:

 

Carrying

Value

 

 

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

 

 

Significant

other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Money market funds (1)

 

$

9,507

 

 

$

9,507

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Fixed income securities

 

 

14,798

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,798

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

24,305

 

 

$

9,507

 

 

$

14,798

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrant liabilities

 

$

6,333

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

6,333

 

Total

 

$

6,333

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

6,333

 

 

(1)

Money market funds are included within cash and cash equivalents in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets recognized at fair value.

The following table reflects the change in the Company’s Level 3 liabilities for the period ended March 31, 2017 (in thousands):

 

 

 

November Private

Placement Warrants

 

Balance at December 31, 2015

 

$

 

     Issuance of warrants

 

 

8,275

 

     Change in fair value

 

 

(1,942

)

Balance at December 31, 2016

 

 

6,333

 

     Change in fair value

 

 

2,027

 

Balance at March 31, 2017

 

$

8,360

 

 

 

6. ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES

Accrued expenses as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Clinical

 

$

448

 

 

$

738

 

Compensation and benefits

 

 

282

 

 

 

901

 

Accounting and legal

 

 

110

 

 

 

279

 

Other

 

 

54

 

 

 

64

 

Total accrued expenses

 

$

894

 

 

$

1,982

 

14


 

 

 

7. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Common and Preferred Stock

Effective February 1, 2016, the Company amended and restated its license agreement with BioHEP Technologies Ltd. (“BioHEP”). In connection with the amendment and restatement, the Company issued 125,000 shares of its common stock to BioHEP and granted to BioHEP a warrant to purchase an additional 125,000 shares of its common stock at a purchase price of $16.00 per share, which warrant will expire on August 1, 2018. The fair value of the common stock as of the date of issuance, $2.0 million, was expensed as research and development costs.

On May 11, 2016, the Company completed its IPO of 920,000 shares of common stock at a price to the public of $12.00 per share, resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $11.0 million, before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering-related expenses. Upon the closing of the Company’s IPO, the Company filed an amended and restated certificate of incorporation, which authorized the Company to issue 200,000,000 shares of common stock and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock.

Upon the closing of the Company’s IPO, all outstanding shares of the Company’s preferred stock automatically converted into 250,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.

On June 3, 2016, the Company issued and sold an additional 24,900 shares of common stock at the Company’s IPO price of $12.00 per share, pursuant to the underwriters’ partial exercise of their option to purchase additional shares of common stock, resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $0.3 million, before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering-related expenses.

On November 18, 2016, the Company entered into a definitive agreement with respect to the November Private Placement of 1,644,737 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 1,644,737 shares of common stock to a group of accredited investors. These investors paid $9.12 for each share of common stock and warrant to purchase one share of common stock. The warrants will be exercisable for cash beginning May 24, 2017, at an exercise price of $10.79 per share. The Company completed the November Private Placement on November 23, 2016, resulting in approximately $15.0 million in gross proceeds, before deducting placement agent fees and offering-related expenses.

Warrants

In connection with the amendment and restatement of a license agreement with BioHEP, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 125,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to BioHEP (the “BioHEP Warrant”), effective February 1, 2016. The Company evaluated the terms of the warrant and concluded that it should be equity-classified. The fair value of the warrant, $0.8 million, was estimated on the issuance date using a Black Scholes pricing model based on the following assumptions: an expected term of two and a half years, expected stock price volatility of 71%, a risk free rate of 1.01%, and a dividend yield of 0%. The fair value was expensed as research and development costs.

In connection with the Company’s IPO, the Company issued to Dawson James Securities, Inc., the sole book-running manager for the IPO, a warrant to purchase 27,600 share of common stock in May 2016 and a warrant to purchase 747 shares of common stock in June 2016 (together, the “Dawson James Warrants”). The Dawson James Warrants are exercisable for cash at an exercise price of $15.00 per share commencing on November 5, 2016. The Dawson James Warrants expire on May 5, 2021. The Company evaluated the terms of the Dawson James Warrants and concluded that they should be equity-classified. The fair value of the May 2016 Dawson James Warrants was estimated on the applicable issuance dates using a Black Scholes pricing model based on the following assumptions: an expected term of 4.99 years; expected stock price volatility of 87%; a risk free rate of 1.20%; and a dividend yield of 0%. The fair value of the June 2016 Dawson James Warrants was estimated on the applicable issuance dates using a Black Scholes pricing model based on the following assumptions: an expected term of 4.92 years; expected stock price volatility of 87%; a risk free rate of 1.23%; and a dividend yield of 0%. The fair value of the Dawson James Warrants was $0.2 million.

The Company received approximately $5.3 million in proceeds upon the exercise of warrants to purchase 641,743 shares of common stock of the Company, which were exercised in connection with the closing of the IPO. Upon the closing of the Company’s IPO, all of the outstanding warrants that were not exercised, except the BioHEP warrant and the Dawson James Warrants, terminated in accordance with their original terms.

 

15


 

In connection with the November Private Placement, the Company issued warrants to purchase 1,644,737 shares of common stock in November 2016 to a group of accredited investors. The warrants will be exercisable for cash beginning May 24, 2017 with a term of 5 years and at an exercise price of $10.79 per share. The Company evaluated the terms of the warrants and concluded that they should be liability-classified. In November 2016, the Company recorded the fair value of the warrants of approximately $8.3 million using a Black Scholes pricing model. The Company must recognize any change in the value of the warrant liability each reporting period in the statement of operations. As of December 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, the fair value of the warrants was approximately $6.3 and $8.4 million, respectively. (Note 5)

A summary of the Black Scholes pricing model assumptions used to record the fair value of the warrants is as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2017

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

1.9

%

 

 

1.9

%

Expected term (in years)

 

 

4.6

 

 

 

4.9

 

Expected volatility

 

 

76.9

%

 

 

65.5

%

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0

%

 

 

0

%

The following table summarizes the warrant activity for the year ended December 31, 2016 and for the three months ended March 31, 2017:

 

 

 

Warrants

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2015

 

 

1,181,776

 

     Grants

 

 

1,798,084

 

     Exercises

 

 

(641,743

)

     Expirations/cancellations

 

 

(540,033

)

Outstanding at December 31, 2016

 

 

1,798,084

 

     Grants

 

 

 

     Exercises

 

 

 

     Expirations/cancellations

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2017

 

 

1,798,084

 

 

2014 Stock Incentive Plan

In April 2014, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2014 Plan”). The Company’s 2014 Plan provides for the issuance of common stock, stock options and other stock-based awards to employees, officers, directors, consultants, and advisors. As of March 31, 2017, the Board had authorized 750,000 shares of common stock to be issued under the 2014 Plan. The Company’s 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”) became effective immediately prior to the closing of the Company’s IPO on May 11, 2016. Upon the effectiveness of the 2015 Plan, 116,863 shares of common stock that remained available for grant under the 2014 Plan became available for grant under the 2015 Plan, and no further awards were available to be issued under the 2014 Plan.

 

2015 Stock Incentive Plan

The 2015 Plan provides for the issuance of common stock, stock options and other stock-based awards to employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisors of the Company. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2015 Plan is the sum of 750,000 shares of common stock, plus the number of shares equal to the sum of (i) 116,863 shares of common stock, which was the number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2014 Plan that remained available for grant under the 2014 Plan immediately prior to the closing of the Company’s IPO, and (ii) the number of shares of common stock subject to outstanding awards under the 2014 Plan that expire, terminate or are otherwise surrendered, cancelled or forfeited. The exercise price of stock options cannot be less than the fair value of the common stock on the date of grant. Stock options awarded under the 2015 Plan expire 10 years after the grant date, unless the Board sets a shorter term. As of March 31, 2017, the Company had 494,699 shares available for issuance under the 2015 Plan.

16


 

The following table summarizes the option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2017, under the 2014 Plan and the 2015 Plan (collectively the “Plans”):

 

 

 

Options

 

 

Weighted-Average

Exercise Price

Per Share

 

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

 

Options outstanding at December 31, 2015

 

 

610,481

 

 

$

11.99

 

 

$

 

     Granted

 

 

128,334

 

 

 

10.41

 

 

 

 

     Exercised

 

 

(10,247

)

 

 

9.28

 

 

 

 

     Cancelled

 

 

(24,253

)

 

 

9.89

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2016

 

 

704,315

 

 

$

11.82

 

 

 

 

     Granted

 

 

264,500

 

 

 

7.69

 

 

 

 

     Exercised

 

 

(234

)

 

 

9.28

 

 

 

264

 

     Cancelled

 

 

(2,281

)

 

 

12.41

 

 

 

 

Options outstanding at March 31, 2017

 

 

966,300

 

 

$

10.69

 

 

$

319,980

 

Options exercisable at March 31, 2017

 

 

311,577

 

 

$

11.50

 

 

$

 

 

As of March 31, 2017, all options granted are expected to vest and the weighted-average remaining contractual life of all options is 8.9 years. The weighted-average fair value of all stock options granted for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was $5.27. There were no stock options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2016. Intrinsic value at March 31, 2017 is based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock of $8.90 per share.

Prior to the Company’s IPO on May 11, 2016, the Board determined the estimated fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant based on a number of objective and subjective factors, including third party valuations. Since the IPO, the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant is based on the closing price per share of the Common Stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market on the date of grant. The computation of expected volatility is based on the historical volatilities of peer companies. The peer companies include organizations that are in the same industry, with similar size and stage of growth. The Company estimates that the expected life of the options granted using the simplified method allowable under the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107, Share Based Payments. The interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury bill rates for U.S. treasury bills with terms commensurate with the expected term of the option grants on the grant date of the option. The Company accounts for stock option forfeitures when they occur.

There were no stock options granted prior to 2015. The assumptions we used to determine the fair value of stock options granted to employees and directors in 2017 and 2016 are as follows, presented on a weighted-average basis.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

2.0

%

 

 

1.5

%

Expected term (in years)

 

 

6.0

 

 

 

6.0

 

Expected volatility

 

 

78.6

%

 

 

87.0

%

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0

%

 

 

0

%

The following table summarizes the stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, under the Plans (in thousands):

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Stock-based compensation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

$

161

 

 

$

88

 

General and administrative

 

339

 

 

 

214

 

Total Stock-based compensation

$

500

 

 

$

302

 

 

The fair value of stock options vested during the three months ended March 31, 2017 was $502,000. At March 31, 2017, there was $4,560,000 of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense relating to stock options granted pursuant to the Plans, which will be recognized over the weighted-average remaining vesting period of 2.8 years. Total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense may be adjusted for future changes in the estimated forfeiture rate.

17


 

Reserved Shares

As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company has reserved the following shares of common stock for potential conversion of the exercise of warrants and outstanding options and issuance of shares available for grant under the 2015 Plan:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Preferred Stock

 

 

 

 

 

250,000

 

2012 Convertible financing warrants

 

 

 

 

 

798,653

 

2013 Convertible financing warrants

 

 

 

 

 

238,804

 

2014 Financing warrants

 

 

 

 

 

144,319

 

2016 BioHEP warrants

 

 

125,000

 

 

 

125,000

 

2016 Dawson James warrants

 

 

28,347

 

 

 

 

November Private Placement warrants

 

 

1,644,737

 

 

 

 

 

2014 and 2015 Stock incentive plans

 

 

1,460,999

 

 

 

725,000

 

Total

 

 

3,259,083

 

 

 

2,281,776

 

 

 

8. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Leases

In April 2015, the Company entered into an amendment to the lease for its research and development facility in Milford, Massachusetts to extend the term of the lease through March 31, 2018 and expand the leased laboratory space.

On March 24, 2016, the Company entered into a new operating lease for its headquarters in Hopkinton, Massachusetts with a lease term through May 31, 2021. The total payments due during the term of the lease are approximately $771,000.

Rent paid for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $56,000 and $21,000, respectively.

Future minimum commitments due under all leases at March 31, 2017 are as follows (in thousands):

 

Year

 

 

 

 

2017

 

$

176

 

2018

 

 

174

 

2019

 

 

158

 

2020

 

 

164

 

Thereafter

 

 

70

 

Total minimum lease payments

 

$

742

 

 

BioHEP Technologies Ltd. License Agreement

In January 2016, the Company entered into an amended and restated license agreement with BioHEP, which became effective on February 1, 2016.

Under the amended and restated license agreement, the Company agreed to pay BioHEP up to $3.5 million in development and regulatory milestone payments for disease(s) caused by each distinct virus for which the Company develops licensed product(s). BioHEP is also eligible to receive tiered royalties in the low-to-mid single-digits on net product sales of licensed products by the Company and its affiliates and sub licensees, and a specified share of non-royalty sublicensing revenues the Company and its affiliates receive from sub licensees, which share of sublicensing revenues is capped at a maximum aggregate of $2.0 million under all such sublicenses.

Contingencies

The Company accrues for contingent liabilities to the extent that the liability is probable and estimable, but there are no accruals for contingent liabilities in these consolidated financial statements.

 

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During May 2015, the Company entered into a transition agreement with the Company’s former President and Chief Executive Officer. Under the transition agreement, he continued to serve as the Company’s president and chief executive officer for a transition period that ended on August 17, 2015. Following the transition period, the Company made 18 monthly payments totaling $464,000 and also provided benefits consistent with the coverage that was provided prior to the execution of the transition agreement. There was no remaining unpaid balance at March 31, 2017.

 

 

9. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

During the period ended March 31, 2016, the Company reimbursed BioHEP, a greater than five percent stockholder, $14,000 for legal expenses that BioHEP incurred in connection with entering into the amended and restated license agreement. The Company incurred no such payments during the period ended March 31, 2017.

 

 

10. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date on which the consolidated financial statements were issued, to ensure that this submission includes appropriate disclosure of events both recognized in the consolidated financial statements and events which occurred subsequently but were not recognized in the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

You should read the following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations together with Part I Item 1“Financial Statements” and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Overview

We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company engaged in the discovery and development of a novel class of therapeutics using our proprietary small molecule nucleic acid hybrid, or SMNH, chemistry platform. Our SMNH compounds are small segments of nucleic acids that we design to selectively target and modulate the activity of specific proteins implicated in various disease states. We are developing our most advanced SMNH product candidate, SB 9200, for the treatment of certain viral diseases. We have designed SB 9200 to selectively activate within infected cells the cellular proteins, retinoic acid-inducible gene 1 (RIG-I) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2), to inhibit viral replication and to cause the induction of intracellular interferon signaling pathways for antiviral defense. We believe that SB 9200 may play an important role in antiviral therapy by modulating the body’s immune response through its mechanisms of action to fight viral infections. We are also developing other SMNH product candidates, including SB 11285, an immunotherapeutic agent for the treatment of selected cancers through the activation of the STimulator of INterferon Genes, or STING, pathway.

SB 9200

We are currently developing SB 9200 for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus, or HBV. In June 2016, we initiated our Phase 2a ACHIEVE clinical trial in non-cirrhotic patients infected with chronic HBV, in which patients first receive SB 9200 as a monotherapy for 12 weeks and then receive the oral antiviral agent Viread® (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, which we refer to as Viread) as a monotherapy for 12 weeks. We expect to report top-line results from the first SB 9200 monotherapy dosing cohort of the Phase 2a clinical trial in the second quarter of 2017, and to report top-line monotherapy results for all patients treated with SB 9200 alone in the first half of 2018. Subject to the results of the Phase 2a clinical trial and obtaining additional funding, we expect to initiate a Phase 2b clinical trial in the second half of 2018 in patients with chronic HBV to explore the use of SB 9200 as a monotherapy and in combination with Viread. The Phase 2a clinical trial is being conducted under our clinical trial collaboration with Gilead Sciences, Inc., and the Phase 2b clinical trial will be conducted under the same collaboration.

We are also pursuing the development of the co-formulation of SB 9200 with Baraclude® (entecavir, which we refer to as Baraclude) and Viread as potential fixed-dose combination products for the treatment of patients with chronic HBV who may benefit from the combined use of SB 9200 as an immunomodulatory agent, and Baraclude or Viread, as the antiviral agent. We anticipate that the fixed-dose combination product could result in enhanced patient compliance and potentially allow for the delivery of lower doses of the individual compounds for equivalent efficacy and a more favorable safety profile. We have conducted early development work on the co-formulations and believe SB 9200 and Viread are compatible in the same formulation. We believe that the immunomodulatory activity provided by SB 9200 could be a key component of a future combinatorial treatment of patients infected with chronic HBV, which could increase the percentage of chronic HBV patients who achieve a functional cure.  We have also entered into collaborations and seek to enter into additional collaborations with third parties that are investigating and/or developing compounds for the treatment of chronic HBV with different pharmacological mechanisms of action than SB 9200. Pursuant to this strategy, we entered into an agreement with Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc., or Arrowhead, to collaborate on the study of the combined use of SB 9200 and Arrowhead’s small interfering ribonucleic acid, or siRNA, product pipeline for the treatment of chronic HBV. Under our collaboration with Arrowhead, we agreed first to study the co-administration of both agents in preclinical models, with the potential to be added to a clinical study.  We have also entered into an agreement with Arbutus Biopharma Corporation, or Arbutus, to collaborate on the preclinical study of the combined use of SB 9200 and Arbutus’s capsid assembly inhibitor and siRNA product candidates currently under development by Arbutus for the treatment of chronic HBV.

SB 11285

We are developing SB 11285, a novel proprietary STING agonist, as a potential immunotherapeutic agent for the treatment of selected cancers. Recent published scientific literature indicates that the activation of the STING pathway can result in the induction of cellular interferons and cytokines and promote an aggressive and strong anti-tumor response through the induction of innate and adaptive immune response.

 

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In our studies performed in in vitro cancer models, SB 11285 was shown to cause the induction of interferon and other cytokines and cell death, or apoptosis, of multiple tumor-derived cell lines.  We continue to conduct preclinical studies of SB 11285 in multiple in vivo cancer models.  In March 2017, we presented data from certain of these in vivo studies at the 2017 Keystone Symposia on Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy. In the 4T1 breast cancer syngeneic mouse model, SB 11285 showed anti-tumor activity when administered by intraperitoneal route.  In the A20 lymphoma model, SB 11285 showed significant tumor growth inhibitory, or TGI, activity and tumor growth delay, or TGD, when used as a monotherapy and administered intratumorally. In the same A20 lymphoma model, when SB 11285 was used in combination with cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®), additive TGI and TGD effects were also seen.

We intend to continue the development of SB 11285 as a potentially important addition to the current standard of care in the treatment of various cancers that could increase the treatment responses in patients.  In 2017, we intend to advance the SB 11285 program with preclinical, toxicology, and process development efforts and hope to achieve further preclinical proof-of-principle for SB 11285 in relevant oncology models.  Subject to the results of these preclinical studies, we hope to submit an investigational new drug application, or IND, for SB 11285 in mid-2018.

SB 11177 and SB 11179

We have identified other SMNH compounds that act as phosphodiesterase type 4, or PDE4, inhibitors, and that could act as potential anti-inflammatory agents. In preclinical studies, each of these compounds has demonstrated potential for anti-inflammatory activity. Because we believe that the development of safe and effective therapeutics is often determined by the structural characteristics of the therapeutic, we believe that an SMNH scaffold is the ideal framework for the development of therapeutics for certain inflammatory diseases.

Pipeline of Product Candidates

The following table summarizes the status of the development of our product candidates. We retain exclusive global commercial rights to all of our product candidates.

 

  Product Candidate

Indication/
Therapeutic
Area

Stage of Development

Anticipated Milestones

 

 

 

 

SB 9200

Chronic HBV

Phase 2

Top-line data on first monotherapy dosing cohort of

Phase 2a clinical trial expected Q2 2017

 

 

 

 

 

HBV/fixed dose combinations

 

Research

Establish preclinical proof-of-principle

 

 

 

 

 

HBV/ collaborations for combination therapy

 

Research

Establish preclinical proof-of-principle

 

 

 

 

SB 11285

Immuno-oncology

Research

Advance to IND submission in mid-2018

 

 

 

 

 

SB 11177/11179

PDE4 inhibitors

       Research

      Establish preclinical proof-of-principle

 

 

 

 

Financial Operations Overview

To date, we have devoted substantially all of our resources to research and development efforts, including conducting clinical trials for our product candidates, protecting our intellectual property and providing general and administrative support for these operations. We have not generated any revenue to date other than from grants from the National Institutes of Health, or NIH. We have incurred significant annual net operating losses in every year since our inception and expect to continue to incur significant expenses and net operating losses for the foreseeable future. Our net losses were $6.5 million and $17.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and the year ended December 31, 2016, respectively. As of March 31, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $58.0 million. Our net losses may fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year. We expect to continue to incur

21


 

significant expenses and increasing operating losses for the next several years.  We anticipate that our expenses will increase significantly as we continue to develop SB 9200, SB 11285 and our other product candidates.  See “—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Funding Requirements.” As a result, we will need additional financing to support our continuing operations. Until such time as we can generate significant revenue from product sales, if ever, we expect to finance our operations through a combination of public or private equity or debt financings or other sources, which may include collaborations with third parties. Arrangements with collaborators or others may require us to relinquish rights to certain of our technologies or product candidates. Adequate additional financing may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. Our inability to raise capital as and when needed would have a negative impact on our financial condition and our ability to pursue our business strategy. We will need to generate significant revenue to achieve and sustain profitability, and we may never be able to do so.

As of March 31, 2017, we had $21.1 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. We expect that our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities as of March 31, 2017 will enable us to fund our operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements into the third quarter of 2018. See “—Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

Grant revenue

Historically, we have generated revenue from grants from the NIH for the development of SB 9200. The NIH grants provided funding of $6.8 million between October 2003 and April 2016. As of March 31, 2017, no additional funding remains available to us under any grant for the development of any of our product candidates.

Operating expenses

Our operating expenses since inception have consisted primarily of research and development expense and general and administrative costs.

Research and development

Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs incurred for our research activities, including our discovery efforts, and the development of our product candidates, which include:

 

expenses incurred under agreements with third parties, including contract research organizations, or CROs, that conduct research, preclinical activities and clinical trials on our behalf as well as contract manufacturing organizations, or CMOs, that manufacture drug products for use in our preclinical and clinical trials;

 

salaries, benefits and other related costs, including stock-based compensation expense, for personnel in our research and development functions;

 

costs of outside consultants, including their fees, stock-based compensation and related travel expenses;

 

the cost of laboratory supplies and acquiring, developing and manufacturing preclinical study and clinical trial materials;